Once you have decided on where to locate your pharmaceutical company, the next important thing you need to do is to plan a suitable layout for your pharmaceutical plant. While designing a pharmaceutical plant, you need to understand and follow the basic regulatory requirements for the construction of a pharmaceutical plant.
According to National Agency for Food and Drug Administration (NAFDAC), your proposed layout and design should aim at minimizing the risk of errors and permit effective cleaning and maintenance in other to avoid cross-contamination, build-up of dust or dirt and in general, any adverse effect on the products.
The best way to achieve this goal is to design the layout in such a way that it follows a logical order corresponding to the steps of the operation.
Pharmaceutical plant layout/ factory layout refers to the allocation of space and the arrangement of machines, furniture and other important administration and necessary services needed in a production process within a factory building in other to perform the various unit operations involved in the manufacturing process of dosage forms in a cost effective manner and with the least amount of handling in processing the product from the receipt of raw material through the distribution of the finished product.
A good pharmaceutical plant layout should possess the following characteristics
The advantages of a good pharmaceutical plant layout includes but are not limited to
Planning the layout of a pharmaceutical plant is an important decision as it represents long‐term commitment. It is also a continuous process as there are always chances of making improvements or adjustment to the existing arrangement.
It should be so designed that the functioning of plant would become very efficient by providing optimum relationship among output, floor area and manufacturing process. Although pharmaceutical plant layout differs from plant to plant, the basic principles governing pharmaceutical plant layout are more or less same.